: "Hersilie (Hersilia), his [Romulus the King of Rome's] consort, mourned his loss, and royal Juno [Hera] bade Iris descend her rainbow and exhort the widowed queen [to visit the grove of her apotheosed husband, the god Quirinus] . Then deeply vexed the famed shaker of the earth spoke to her . (Il. In Greek vase painting Iris is depicted leading the procession of the gods to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. 270 ff (trans. She acted as the link between heaven and earth. Pothos]! "[Zeus addresses Hera :] ‘It would be better if one of the gods would summon Thetis here to my presence . The goddess Iris I have the Mythic tarot deck and today I drew Temperance which is represented by the greek goddess Iris in the deck. She was a role model for women, was a principal deity in rites for the dead, and cured the sick. . ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 201. xviii. . I need not tell you that one lovesick will do anything for hope.’ ", Plato, Cratylus 400d & 408c ff (trans. Here Hermes, messenger of the gods, is closely connected with rainbow. they must offer sacrifices, and not to Zeus at all! Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : . Speaking so the goddess left in her heart sweet longing after her husband of time before, and her city and parents. . Her name contains a double meaning, being connected with both the Greek word iris "the rainbow" and eiris "messenger.". Iris of the swift feet stood beside her and spoke to her : ‘Come with me, dear girl, to behold the marvellous things done by Trojans, breaker of horses, and bronze-armoured Akhaians (Achaeans), who just now carried sorrowful war against each other, in the plain, and all their desire was for deadly fighting; now they are all seated in silence, the fighting has ended; they lean on their shields, the tall spears stuck in the ground beside them. 655 ff (trans. In the Homeric poems, it is true, Iris does not appear as the goddess of the rainbow, but the rainbow itself is called iris (Il xi. 121 ff : 170.) Then Iris changed her shape, and all unseen she put on the look of dark Nyx unrecognisable. Rose-lipped Iris, daughter of Thaumas, thus addressed him : ‘[Delivering a message from Hera, inciting him against Aeneas] . You also do your work, after Apollon, after Hermaon (Hermes), and your prize for your labours will be a home in your father's heaven.’ As Goddess of the rainbow she joined the human realm to the place of the Gods. She is known as ‘The Rainbow, Iris’ thus suggesting that her presence is a symbol of hope or maybe … . She and her siblings—Osiris, Set, and Nephthys —are the last generation of the Ennead, born to Geb, god of the earth, and Nut, goddess of the sky. These look terribly like leaves, or the sands of the sea-shore, as they advance across the plain to fight by the city. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : : . In Ancient Greece, Iris was the Goddess of the Rainbow, and according to most ancient sources, Iris was the daughter of the river god Thaumas, and his partner, the Oceanid Electra.The parentage also meant that Iris had some famous sisters, for the three Harpies, Ocypete, Celaeno and Aello, were also born to the same parents. 397 ff : 134) and Virgil (Aen. As cup-bearer of the gods Iris is often indistinguishable from Hebe in art. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. the eros Pothos]. In addition to her colorful job as rainbow goddess, Iris is also a messenger of the gods. So she spake and seated her beside the golden throne, even as a hunting hound of Artemis, which, when it hath ceased from the swift chase, sitteth by her feet, and its ears are erect, ever ready to receive the call of the goddess. In charge of: Communication Area of expertise: Communication. Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C. Near the Cimmerii a cavern lies deep in the hollow of a mountainside, the home and sanctuary of lazy Somnus [Hypnos] . ", Homer, Iliad 24. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. Zeus whose purposes are infinite calls you.’ . However, she wasn’t this protective of her fraternal twin Arce (a goddess of the faded rainbow invented at a later date), since she sided with the Titans during the Titanomachy. . Then Iris, in her thousand hues enrobed traced through the sky her arching bow and reached the cloud-hid palace of the drowsy king. IRIS- was the Greek goddess of rainbows, but also served as messenger. Turnus recognised her divinity, raised his two hands heavenwards, and sent these words after the fleeting goddess : ‘Iris, glory of the sky, who was it conveyed you, cloud-borne, down to me here on earth?’". . Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) . "Dionysos, did not escape the jealousy of trick-stitching Hera. . 60 ff (trans. For the coastal-dwelling Greeks, the rainbow's arc was most often seen spanning the distance beteween cloud and sea, and so the goddess was believed to replenish the rain-clouds with water from the sea. . . But Akhilleus' prayer is that Boreas and blustering Zephyros may come to him, and he promises them splendid offerings, so that you may set ablaze the funeral pyre, whereon lies Patroklos (Patroclus), with all Akhaians (Achaeans) mourning about him.’ Grant so solemn a request--rarely is this opportunity vouchsafed, to win the favour of Jove [Zeus] with Juno [Hera] on thy side.’ Iris Story & Origins. Campbell, Vol. "The father of gods and men descending out of the sky took his place along the ridges of Ida . Iris, glory of the sky, cloud-borne. For the immortal court of Zeus will not receive you without hard work, and the Horai (Horae, Seasons) will not open the gates of Olympos to you unless you have struggled for the prize. 340 ff : ", Stesichorus, Fragment 222B (trans. . . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. He spoke, and swift wind-footed Iris did not disobey him but went along the hills of Ida to sacred Ilion. : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. in Apoll. Iris is a goddess of the sea and sky. Know, that if Zeus worries me again, I shall go at the head of my eagles, who are armed with lightning, and reduce his dwelling and that of Amphion to cinders. : Iris Messenger of the Gods (General References). ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. Next, go to Aiolos (Aeolus), king of the sky-born winds, and to him too convey my wishes, which are that he should order all the winds of heaven to cease . : Plato, Theaetetus 155d (trans. She is regarded as the messenger of the gods to humankind, and particularly of the goddess Hera whose orders she brought to humans. Goddess of the Rainbow Iris flies on the wind and moves like a blast of bright air. "Arke (Arce) was the daughter of Thaumas and her sister was Iris; both had wings, but, during the struggle of the gods against the Titanes (Titans), Arke flew out of the camp of the gods and joined the Titanes [as their messenger, just as Iris served the Olympian Gods]. 10 (trans. 829 (trans. Legends differ about her life as an adult. IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. . Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. Iris is the Ancient Greek Goddess of rainbows, also associated with the sea, the sky, colours, oaths and heraldry, she is a messenger to the Gods, later joined in this position by Hermes, more specifically, Iris is the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. . to C1st A.D.) : "Soaring to heaven on balanced wings, [Iris] blazed a rainbow trail beneath the clouds as she flew . Tell him . 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